Author Guidelines: Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts in Indonesian Journal of Character Education Research (IJCER)


Before you submit an article, please make sure you have:

  1. Read the Publication Ethics
  2. Understand the Peer Review Process
  3. Read the Copyright Notice
  4. Fill out the Author Statement of Ethics Form 
  5. Conform your manuscript with the Journal Template

Manuscript articles submitted to the Indonesian Journal of Character Education Research (IJCER) must be based on the latest research results, either with a Quantitative, Qualitative or R&D approach, or Literature Review related to problems in the field of character and moral education. Manuscripts have never been published or are not in the status of having been accepted for publication in other journals.

Language Editing & Style. Manuscripts can be written in Indonesian or English. Authors are advised to maintain the accuracy of the manuscript, for example through the use of proofreader/translator services. The language and writing style used will be considered as one of the aspects of manuscript assessment. Authors are responsible for avoiding plagiarism at all costs. The Journal Editor checks manuscripts for similarity using computer software (e.g. Turnitin), with a tolerance of no more than 20%.

Article length. Manuscripts consist of a minimum of 6000 words and a maximum of 11.000 words. Articles are typed in Microsoft Word with 1 space, font size 11 for subtitles, 10 for body paragraphs and 9.5 for tables, figures/graphics, in one column with .doc, .docx, or .rtf format (not in pdf format). Page numbers are not required.

Contents of Articles. The manuscript part of the article consists of two parts, the main part includes (1) Introduction; (2) Methods; (3) Results and Discussion; (4) Implications and Contributions; (5) Research and Suggestions; (6) Conclusion. The concluding section includes: Acknowledgments, Author Contribution Statement, Declaration of Competing Interests, Ethical Approval Statement, and References.

Manuscripts can be uploaded via the IJCER link using the author's username that has been registered in the open journal system. IJCER editors have the authority to modify or correct spelling, writing, and sentence structure errors.

Citation Styles. Citation uses APA 7th Edition. The citation style uses references from the last 7 years consisting of 50% of citations from national journals and 50% from international journals. Citation is recommended using reference managers (Mendeley, Zotero, and EndNote).


Citations using APA 7th Edition. These citations include only the author's last name and date of publication. When paraphrasing, you must cite the source in the text of your writing. Put the author's last name and year of publication in parentheses, or if you put the author's name anywhere in the sentence, put the year of publication in parentheses next to the author's name. Citation using reference management applications (Mendeley, Zotero, and EndNote).

In-text citations can take two forms: parentheses and narration. Both types are automatically generated when citing sources with Scribbr's APA Citation Generator. Citations refer to the example below:

1. One-author citations:

    Parenthetical citation: According to new research ... (Smith, 2021).

    Narrative citation: Smith (2021) notes that...

2. Two-author citation:

    Parenthetical citation: According to new research ... (Smith & Jones, 2022).

    Narrative citations: Smith & Jones (2022) note that ...

3. Three or more author citations:

    Parenthetical citation: According to new research ... (Smith et al, 2022).

    Narrative citation: Smith et al. (2022) noted that ...

4. When paraphrasing, there are several ways to place quotations in the text, such as the following:

  • Quote at the beginning: Leskowitz (2021) explains that the development of educational program’s needs...
  • Center quote: ... learning is important (Leskowitz, 2021) because it is a process of self-knowledge.
  • End quote: ... the role of education affects the progress of the nation (Leskowitz, 2021).

4. When citing multiple works within the same parenthesis, citations are presented in alphabetical order, separated by semicolons.

Example: Student development is influenced by several factors (e.g., resilience, expectations, core self-evaluations, social support) both from the family and from the environment (Alschuler et al., 2022; Arrewasikporn et al., 2019; Farber et al., 2020; Lee et al., 2021; Lynch et al., 2019; Madan & Pakenham, 2022), the environment is a factor that exerts a great influence on student development.



The title should be clear and specific, identify the content of the article, not use implicit terms and where possible, be a statement of the main results or conclusions presented in the manuscript. Abbreviations should be avoided in the title.

Witty or creative titles are welcome, but only if relevant and within the measure. Consider if a title meant to be thought-provoking might be misinterpreted as offensive or alarming. In extreme cases, the editorial office may veto a title and propose an alternative.


All names are listed together and separated by commas. Provide exact and correct author names as these will be indexed in official archives.


Affiliations should be keyed to the author's name with superscript numbers and be listed as follows: Institut/University/Organization, Country (without detailed address information such as city zip codes or street names).

E.g. : Universitas Negeri Malang, Kota Malang, Indonesia


As a primary goal, the abstract should render the general significance and conceptual advance of the work clearly accessible to a broad readership. In the abstract, minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references. Minimum 100 words and Maximum 130 words, written in English.

The abstract section includes:

  • Background of study
  • Aims and scope of the study
  • Methods
  • Result and findings
  • Conclusions
  • Research contribution


All article types: you may provide up to 5 keywords; at least 3 are mandatory.  All keywords separated by semicolons.

Corresponding Author

Corresponding Authors should be marked with a superscript. Include the email and contact address of the primary author. See the following example:

* Corresponding Author: Prio Utomo, Email:


Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, IKIP Siliwangi, Cimahi, Indonesia

Address: Jl. Terusan Jend. Sudirman No.3, Baros, Kec. Cimahi Tengah, Kota Cimahi, Jawa Barat 40521, Indonesia


Containing backgrounds of the problem, depiction and further scrutiny of the problem or the gap between what is idealized and what is the reality, supported by relevant theories and recent research, and objective of the study. The problem should offer a new research value or benefit as an innovative endeavor, and the contribution of research to science (character education).

The introduction section contains:

Research background. This section explains (1) the urgency of the importance of the problem (topic) that the author is researching (introducing the topic); (2) explaining why the topic that the author is researching is important to research/discuss.

Literature review. This section describes the results of previous research related to the research topic and relates it to the current State of the Art. (Literature Review: Presented in one paragraph and there is no separate literature review section. This section describes current theoretical issues or recent research results (national and international) related to the research topic. Literature review as a step for researchers to identify any knowledge gaps that have not been studied, are still potential problems, or have not been able to be answered by existing studies so that they have the potential for further research). (State of the Art is a section/activity in research that describes: (1) The most recent research results of the selected topic; (2) Current research trends or Research Priorities of the selected topic; (3) Current research and practical issues related to the selected topic; (4) Current standards of the selected topic).

  1. Gap analysis. This section explains (1) what has been done so far related to the research problem; (2) what needs to be done related to the research problem that occurs (GAP Analysis).
  2. Distinction (differentiating value), advantages of research and Novelty. This section explains (1) new findings as a differentiating value from previous research); (2) the rationale for why research is important to do.
  3. Research purpose. Explain the purpose and focus of the discussion examined in the research (research objectives)..
  4. Research Contribution. This section explains the contribution of research to science (in the field of character education) both from a theoretical and practical point of view.


This section contains explanation of the research approach, subjects of the study, conducts of the research procedure, use of materials and instruments, data collection and analysis techniques. These are not theories. In the case of statistical uses, formulas that are generally known should not be written down. Any specific criteria used by the researcher in collecting and analyzing the research data should be completely described, including the quality of the instruments, material of the research, and procedure of data collection.

The method provides an explanation of:

  1. Research design. Describe the research design (approach) used and research methods);
  2. Location and Year of Research. Describe the research implementation (place, location, and year), if the research uses a literature review explain the research procedure and its scope;
  3. Population, Sample or Research Subject. Describe the population, sample or subject studied, if the research uses a literature review explain the source of data;
  4. Instruments and Data Collection. Explain the types of instruments and data collection techniques;
  5. Data Analysis. Describe the type of research data analysis and data analysis process;
  6. Research Procedures. Explain the procedure for conducting research)


For ease of reading and comprehension, findings are presented first followed by discussion. The Findings sub-title and Discussion sub-title are presented separately. However, if the results and discussion of the research cannot be separated, then the results and discussion of the research can be combined.


Results of data analyses can be presented in tables, graphs, figures or any combination of the three. Tables, graphs, or figures should not be too long, too large, nor too many. The author is advised to use decent variation in presenting tables, graphs, or verbal description. All displayed tables, figure and graphs should be referred to in the text. Tables, figures and graphs are the most effective way to present results. The captions should be able to stand alone, so that figures and tables can be understood without the need to read the entire manuscript. In addition, the data presented should be easy to interpret.

General Style Guidelines for Figures

Figures help readers visualize the information you are trying to convey. Often, it is difficult to be sufficiently descriptive using words. Images can help in achieving the accuracy needed for a scientific manuscript. For example, it may not be enough to say, "The surface had nanometer-scale features." In this case, it would be ideal to provide a microscope image.

For images, be sure to:

  • The figures should be simple, but informative;
  • The figures should uphold the standards of a scholarly, professional publication;
  • Consider labeling important items
  • Indicate the meaning of different colors and symbols used
  • Do not include postage stamps or currency from any country, or trademarked items (company logos, images, and products), and;
  • Avoid choosing a figure that already appears within the text of the manuscript.

General Style Guidelines for Tables/Charts

Tables or Charts are a concise and effective way to present large amounts of data. Author should design them carefully so that author clearly communicate research results to busy researchers.

The following is an example of a well-designed table/charts:

  • Clear and concise legend/caption
  • Data divided into categories for clarity
  • Sufficient spacing between columns and rows
  • Units are a provided font type and size are legible
  • The tables, or graphic should be simple, but informative;
  • The table or graphic should uphold the standards of a scholarly, professional publication;

The research results are presented in full and according to the scope of the research. And presented in the form of theoretical descriptions both qualitatively and quantitatively. Research results can be interpreted following the provisions and truth of the research results.


The discussion is intended to provide interpretation and meaning to the research results in accordance with the theories and references used. The discussion is not solely used to present the findings. Interpretation should be enriched by referring, comparing, or contrasting with previous research findings published in reputable journals, not predatory journals. Integration of findings into existing bodies of theory or knowledge, development of new theories, or modification of existing theories is encouraged.

The discussion section contains:

  1. Answering the research problem: supporting and defending the answer with results;
  2. Compare with relevant research results: (1) what distinguishes your results from previous research, (2) state the limitations of the study conducted;
  3. Describe the significance of your research findings (findings);
  4. State the Major Findings of the Study;
  5. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why the Findings Are Important;
  6. Support the answers with the results. Explain how your results relate to expectations and to the literature, clearly stating why they are acceptable and how they are consistent or fit in with previously published knowledge on the topic;
  7. Relate the Findings to Those of Similar Studies;
  8. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings;


This section explains the contribution of the benefits of research results to science (according to the topic raised) both in terms of (1) theoretical implications; (2) practical implications; (3) managerial implications; (4) methodological implications.

Recommendations present authoritative suggestions to policy makers about what is expected or should happen. Recommendations describe specific actions that should be taken. Relate the recommendations to the objectives of the policy brief and the nature of the research.


Research limitations specifically describe things or variables that are actually covered within the breadth of the scope of the research but due to certain methodological or procedural difficulties that cannot be covered in the research and are beyond the control of the researcher. Research limitations can be in the form of limitations regarding the focus of discussion (objectives), data collection process, research samples/subjects, time and logistical limitations faced by researchers when conducting research. Difficulties faced by researchers when conducting research.  

Research advice describes the opinions expressed as a means of consideration and hopes to provide good and positive changes from a research issue that is discussed. Research advice is given to readers (academics, teachers, lecturers, students, researchers) based on the findings in the study that has been conducted and not in the form of the author's personal idealistic opinion or review..


The conclusion can present statements about what was expected as proposed in the "Introduction" and what has happened as reported in the "Findings and Discussion" so that there is congruence. Prospects for enrichment of research findings and potential development for future research can be added.


Contains a brief description to recognize the contribution of certain colleagues, institutions, or agencies that have helped the author's efforts. This section contains the author's gratitude to all parties involved and contributing to the research implementation process.

Acknowledgments can also be made to sponsors, funders, resource persons, institutions and others who played an important role in the research. Authors can name people but must seek permission from the person or organization to mention them in the acknowledgements.


The author contribution statement briefly describes the duties and contributions of each author. The author contribution statement is intended to explain the role and contribution of the author in preparing and completing the article (research).

Authors can list the initials of the name for each author, without periods, but separated by commas (e.g. AR, TD). If there are two authors with the same initials, use their middle initials to distinguish them (e.g. DEF, DSF).


A declaration of competing interests, also known as a conflict of interest declaration, is a situation where an interest or relationship-direct or indirect-may influence the research. A competing interest declaration relates to the author having an employer or sponsor who is funding the research or has a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with another organization, or people who work with the author that could influence the author's research.


“The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. All co-authors have seen and agree with the contents of the manuscript and there is no financial interest to report. We certify that the submission is original work and is not under review at any other publication”.

"The authors declare that this research has no competing political interests, funding (financial) or personal relationships that could affect the results of the research reported in this article."

"In accordance with Institute of Academia Edu Cendekia Indonesia (AECI) policy and my ethical obligations as a researcher, I report that I [have financial and/or business interests] or [am a consultant] or [receive funding] from Institute of Academia Edu Cendekia Indonesia (AECI) which is a university that could be affected by the research reported in the attached paper. I have fully disclosed these interests to Institute of Academia Edu Cendekia Indonesia (AECI), and I have an approved plan to manage any potential conflicts arising from the above involvement".

"This research has been approved and funded by Institute of Academia Edu Cendekia Indonesia (AECI) as a Tridarma Perguruan Tinggi activity that leads to competency development and the output can be licensed to copyright or product,. I have fully disclosed these interests to Institute of Academia Edu Cendekia Indonesia (AECI), and have an approved plan to manage any potential conflicts arising from this arrangement”.


Ethical approval explains the legality of articles approved by authorized parties such as institutions or affiliations (universities, schools, professional organizations, etc.). If the author is a student, ethical approval can be through the supervisor, if the author is a teacher, ethical approval can be through school leaders such as the principal.


"This research has been approved by the principal of SMA Jaya Merdeka on May 27, 2023 as stated by the author in the Statement of Originality (Authors Statement of Ethics)".

"This article has been approved by the author's supervisor to be published in a reputable scientific journal. Based on the recommendation/approval of the supervisor, the author has been authorized and has stated in the authors statement of ethics".

"The article has been submitted with the knowledge and permission of the agency/institution concerned".

"The author has approved the article to be published in the Indonesian Journal of Character Education Research (IJCER)".


References Minimum 40 consisting of 20 national and 20 international journals. The references contains reference sources with at least 80% of the literature published in the last 7 years. Literature sources are recommended to come from books, national journals and/or international journals. References (theoretical studies) are not recommended to quote from Internet sources, unless they are related to problems reported on the Internet.

The number of references sources is at least 40 references. Writing references and citations with APA Style 7th Edition. Writing a references using reference managers (Mendeley, Zotero, and EndNote).

References writing example (APA Style 7th Edition):


Harris, A. (2019). Teaching and learning in the effective school. Routledge.

Paris, D., & Alim, H. S. (Eds.). (2017). Culturally sustaining pedagogies: Teaching and learning for justice in a changing world. Teachers College Press.

Kurtz, S., Draper, J., & Silverman, J. (2017). Teaching and learning communication skills in medicine. CRC press.

Book Chapters:

Suffragettes. (2016). In J. Palmowski (Ed.), A dictionary of contemporary world history (4th ed.). Oxford University Press.

Yura, P. (2020). 'Good or bad’: How people think of me is not important. In B. Rudy & H. Dion (Eds.), Mental health policy (pp. 368-389). University of Life Press.

Blog Post:

Rutledge, P. (2019, March 11). The upside of social media. The Media Psychology Blog.

Conference and Proceedings Session:

Davidson, R. J. (2019, August 8–11). Well-being is a skill [Conference session]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Eguchi, A. (2014). Robotics as a learning tool for educational transformation. In Proceedings of 4th international workshop teaching robotics, teaching with robotics & 5th international conference robotics in education (Vol. 18, pp. 27-34).

Froyd, J. E., Wankat, P. C., & Smith, K. A. (2012). Five major shifts in 100 years of engineering education. Proceedings of the IEEE, 100 (Special Centennial Issue), 1344-1360.

Mandel, L. (Ed.). (2012). Coherence and Quantum Optics: Proceedings of the Third Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics Held at the University of Rochester, June 21–23, 1972. Springer Science & Business Media.

Data Set:

O’Donohue, W. (2017). Content analysis of undergraduate psychology textbooks (ICPSR 21600; Version V1) [Data set]. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.

Dissertation From a Database:

Horvath-Plyman, M. (2018). Social media and the college student journey: An examination of how social media use impacts social capital and affects college choice, access, and transition (Publication No. 10937367). [Doctoral dissertation, New York University]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.


Bransford, J. D., Brown, A. L., & Cocking, R. R. (2005). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience and school.

Eckes, T. (2000). The developmental social psychology of gender. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Edited Book Chapter:

Zeleke, W. A., Hughes, T. L., & Drozda, N. (2020). Home-school collaboration to promote mind–body health. In C. Maykel & M. A. Bray (Eds.), Promoting mind-body health in schools: Interventions for mental health professionals (pp. 11–26). American Psychological Association.

Film or Video:

Docter, P., & Del Carmen, R. (2015). Inside out [Film]. Walt Disney Pictures; Pixar Animation Studios.

Journal article:

Cheung, J. M. Y., Bartlett, D. J., Armour, C. L., Laba, T. L., & Saini, B. (2018). To drug or not to drug: A qualitative study of patients’ decision-making processes for managing insomnia. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 16(1), 1-26.

Edwards, A. A., Steacy, L. M., Siegelman, N., Rigobon, V. M., Kearns, D. M., Rueckl, J. G., & Compton, D. L. (2022). Unpacking the unique relationship between set for variability and word reading development: Examining word- and child-level predictors of performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 114(6), 1242–1256.

Online Magazine Article:

Thomson, J. (2022). Massive, strange white structures appear on Utah’s Great Salt Lake. Newsweek.

Online Dictionary Entry:

American Psychological Association. (2021). Internet addiction. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved April 24, 2022, from

Online Newspaper Article:

Roberts, S. (2020). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.

Open Educational Resource:

Fagan, J. (2019). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from

Podcast Episode:

Santos, L. (Host). (2017.) Psychopaths and superheroes (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In The happiness lab with Dr. Laurie Santos. Pushkin Industries.

Preprint Article:

Latimier, A., Peyre, H., & Ramus, F. (2020). A meta-analytic review of the benefit of spacing out retrieval practice episodes on retention. PsyArXiv.

Press Release:

American Psychological Association. (2020, March 2). APA reaffirms psychologists’ role in combating climate change [Press release].

Print Magazine Article:

Nicholl, K. (2020). A royal spark. Vanity Fair, 62(5), 56–65, 100.

Print Newspaper Article:

Reynolds, G. (2019). Different strokes for athletic hearts. The New York Times, D4.

Radio Broadcast:

Hersher, R. (2020). Spring starts today all over America, which is weird [Radio broadcast]. NPR.

Report by a Group Author:

World Health Organization. (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition.

Report by Individual Authors:

Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019). How playful learning can help leapfrog progress in education. Center for Universal Education at Brookings.

Report by a Group Author:

World Health Organization. (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition.

Song or Track:

Nirvana. (2017). Smells like teen spirit [Song]. On Nevermind. DGC.

TV Series Episode:

Dippold, K. (Writer), & Trim, M. (Director). (2011). Fancy party (Season 3, Episode 9) [TV series episode]. In G. Daniels, H. Klein, D. Miner, & M. Schur (Executive Producers), Parks and recreation. Deedle-Dee Productions; Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Media Studios.


Kamin, H. S., Lee, C. L., & McAdoo, T. L. (2020). Creating references using seventh edition APA Style [Webinar]. American Psychological Association.


Chandler, N. (2020). What’s the difference between Sasquatch and Bigfoot? How stuff works.

Webpage with an author:

World Health Organization. (2018). Climate change and health.

Webpage on a News Website:

Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020). The future of feminism. Vox.

Webpage With a Retrieval Date:

Center for Systems Science and Engineering. (2020). COVID-19 dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Johns Hopkins University & Medicine, Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved May 6, 2020, from

YouTube Video:

Above The Noise. (2017). Can procrastination be a good thing? [Video]. YouTube.