Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its Affect Reduce Stress and Fatigue among Carrier Woman


  • Norizan Yusof Dr
  • Mardiana Mansor Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Haslinda Hasyim Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah


mindfulnees based stress reduction, effectiveness, reduce stress, fatigue, carrier woman


This study examines mindfulness techniques in reducing fatigue which in turn reduces stress among working women. This study was conducted on 5 study participants who are career women and also have commitments at home. This study was conducted using qualitative case study techniques. The results of the study found that the main cause of the fatigue problem faced is not entirely from the workplace, but rather it starts from the individual and at home when a woman has a hypo emotional tank problem that causes them to feel unappreciated. The effect of this feeling causes a state of negative emotion to be brought to the workplace which ultimately causes increased stress and reduced work productivity. This study also found that, after undergoing a mindfulness session, most of them feel calm and able to think to value themselves which automatically causes the fatigue and stress they face to decrease.


Alias, F., & Socoro, J. C. (2017). Description of anomalous noise events for reliable dynamic traffic noise mapping in real life urban and suburban soundscapes. Applied Sciences, 7(2), 146. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7020146

Baskaya, E. (2021). Examination of the effectiveness of mindfulness based cognitive therapy on patients with obsessive compulsive disorder Systematic review and metaanalysis. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 42(11),. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2021.1920652

Berger, A. M., Mitchell, S. A., Jacobsen, P. B., & Pirl, W. F. (2015). Screening, evaluation, and management of cancer related fatigue: Ready for implementation to practice. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 65(3), 190-211. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21268

Berger, A. M., Mitchell, S. A., Jacobsen, P. B., & Pirl, W. F. (2015). Screening, evaluation, and management of cancer related fatigue: Ready for implementation to practice. cancer journal for clinicians, 65(3), 190-211. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21268

Betegon, E., Rodroguez Medina, J., Del Valle, M., & Irurtia, M. J. (2022). Emotion regulation in adolescents: Evidence of the validity and factor structure of the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (CERQ). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(6), 3602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063602

Cash, E., Salmon, P., Weissbecker, I., Rebholz, W. N., Bayley-Veloso, R., Zimmaro, L. A., ... & Sephton, S. E. (2015). Mindfulness meditation alleviates fibromyalgia symptoms in women: results of a randomized clinical trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(3), 319-330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-014-9665-0

Chauhan, P. (2021). Gendering COVID 19: Impact of the pandemic on women’s burden of unpaid work in India. Gender issues, 38(4), 395-419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-020-09269-w

Ebneyamini, S., & Sadeghi Moghadam, M. R. (2018). Toward developing a framework for conducting case study research. International journal of qualitative methods, 17(1), 1609406918817954. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406918817954

El Keshky, M. E. S., Basyouni, S. S., & Al Sabban, A. M. (2020). Getting through COVID 19: The pandemics impact on the psychology of sustainability, quality of life, and the global economy–A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 585897. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.585897

Gilbar, O. (2020). Examining the boundaries between ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD and depression and anxiety symptoms: A network analysis perspective. Journal of affective disorders, 262, 429-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.060

Goekoop, R., & Goekoop, J. G. (2014). A network view on psychiatric disorders: network clusters of symptoms as elementary syndromes of psychopathology. PloS one, 9(11), e112734. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112734

Grover, S., & Furnham, A. (2016). Coaching as a developmental intervention in organisations: A systematic review of its effectiveness and the mechanisms underlying it. PloS one, 11(7), e0159137. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159137

Hathaisaard, C., Wannarit, K., & Pattanaseri, K. (2022). Mindfulness based interventions reducing and preventing stress and burnout in medical students (A systematic review and metaanalysis). Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 69, 102997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102997

Hyland, T. (2011). Mindfulness and learning Celebrating the affective dimension of education. Springer Science & Business Media., 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1911-8

Ikeuchi, K., Ishiguro, H., Nakamura, Y., Izawa, T., Shinkura, N., & Nin, K. (2020). The relation between mindfulness and the fatigue of women with breast cancer. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 14(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13030-020-0175-y

Jaime Lara, R. B., Koons, B. C., Matura, L. A., Hodgson, N. A., & Riegel, B. (2020). A qualitative metasynthesis of the experience of fatigue across five chronic conditions. Journal of pain and symptom management, 59(6), 1320-1343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.12.358

Kelz, R. (2016). The non-sovereign self, responsibility, and otherness: Hannah Arendt, Judith Butler, and Stanley Cavell on moral philosophy and political agency. Springer.

Kolahkaj, B., Zargar, F., & Majdinasab, N. (2019). The effect of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on quality of life in women with multiple sclerosis, Ahvaz, Iran. Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(4), 213. https://doi.org/10.15171%2Fjcs.2019.030

Munazilah, M., & Hasanat, N. U. (2018). Program Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction untuk Menurunkan Kecemasan pada Individu dengan Penyakit Jantung Koroner. Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP), 4(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajpp.45346

Mustian, K. M., Alfano, C. M., Heckler, C., Kleckner, A. S., Kleckner, I. R., Leach, C. R., ... & Miller, S. M. (2017). Comparison of pharmaceutical, psychological, and exercise treatments for cancer-related fatigue: a meta-analysis. JAMA oncology, 3(7), 961-968. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.6914

Riquelme-Marín, A., Rosa-Alcázar, A. I., & Ortigosa-Quiles, J. M. (2022). Mindfulness-based psychotherapy in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: A meta-analytical Study. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 22(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2022.100321

Romadhani, R. K., & Hadjam, M. N. R. (2019). Intervensi Berbasis Mindfulness untuk Menurunkan Stres pada Orang Tua. Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP), 3(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajpp.42777

Shapiro, J., Zhang, B., & Warm, E. J. (2015). Residency as a social network: burnout, loneliness, and social network centrality. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 7(4), 617-623. https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-15-00038.1

Shapiro, S. L., Carlson, L. E., Astin, J. A., & Freedman, B. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20237

Skaalvik, E. M., & Skaalvik, S. (2016). Teacher stress and teacher self-efficacy as predictors of engagement, emotional exhaustion, and motivation to leave the teaching profession. Creative Education, 7(13), 1785. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2016.713182

Ur Rehman, M. A., Waseem, R., Habiba, U., Fahad Wasim, M., Alam Rehmani, S., Alam Rehmani, M., Abdullah, M., Khabir, Y., Rehan Hashmi, M., Almas, T., Shahan Ali, S., Huzaifa Shah, S. M., & Fatima, K. (2022). Efficacy of mindfulness-based intervention for the treatment of chronic headaches: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 78(May), 103862. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103862

Widiawati Retnoningtias, D., & Hardika, I. R. (2021). Menurunkan Infertility-Related Stres dengan Program Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi (JIP), 13(1), 63–82. https://doi.org/10.20885/intervensipsikologi.vol13.iss1.art6




How to Cite

Yusof, N., Mansor, M. ., & Hasyim, H. . (2024). Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its Affect Reduce Stress and Fatigue among Carrier Woman. Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling Research, 2(1), 8–14. Retrieved from https://ejournal.aecindonesia.org/index.php/ijgcr/article/view/228